Chapter Sub-Headings

Forematter

Introduction - page 1

Chapter 1 - Origin of the Cosmos - page 3

The big bang and quarks (p. 3) - events of the first three minutes (p. 5) - cosmic stories (p. 7) - the age of radiation (p. 8) - chemical structures (p. 10) - star formation (p. 11) - stars (p. 12) - main-sequence stars (p. 14) - red giants (p. 17) - white dwarfs and neutron stars (p. 18) - binary stars , pulsars , and black holes (p. 20) - the size of stars and elemental weights (p. 21) - how matter is distributed in space (p. 22) - dark matter and dark energy (p. 24) - knowing events on this level of magnitude (p. 26) - in the larger regions of space (p. 28) - what type of being was created during this period (p. 32)

Chapter 2 - The Earth and Solar System - page 33

The present situation (p. 33) - how the solar system was created (p. 36) - the eight planets (p. 40) - how the earth’s moon was created (p. 42) - the earth’s formation (p. 44) - the earth’s chemical composition (p. 45) - chemistry of the surface and interior rock (p. 47) - the presence of water (p. 48) - shifting land masses (p. 50) - the supercontinents (p. 53) - periods of warming and glaciation (p. 55) - the impact of life on geological processes (p. 56) - release of oxygen (p. 57) - residue of plant and animal life (p. 59) - mass extinctions and other threats (p. 60) - recent temperature cycles (p. 61) - what type of being was created during this period (p. 63 ) - the present arrangement of water and land on the earth ' s surface (p. 64)

Chapter 3 - Life Appears on Earth - page 65

Life’s characteristics (p. 65) - how life might have begun (p. 66) - DNA, RNA, amino acids, and proteins (p. 69) - prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells (p. 70 ) - oxygen and iron (p. 72 ) - biological classifications (p. 74) - geological periods (p. 75) - the pre-Cambrian period (p. 76) - the Cambrian explosion (p. 78 ) - the Ordovician , Silurian , and Devonian periods (p. 79 ) - the Carboniferous period (p. 82 ) - the Permian period and extinction (p. 84) - the Triassic period (p. 85) - the age of dinosaurs (p. 87) - the Cretaceous period (p. 90) - the ascent of mammals (p. 94) - the last thirty million years (p. 98) - what type of being was created during this period (p. 100)

Chapter 4 - The Human Species Appears - page 101

A search for our ancestors (p. 101) - our primate relatives (p. 103) - some of our pre-human ancestors (p. 107) - ancestors from the period between 7 million and 4 million years ago (p. 108) - Australopithecus (p. 110) - Homo habilis (p. 112) - Homo erectus (p. 113) - Homo heidelbergensis (p. 115) - Neanderthals (p. 116) - Homo sapiens (p. 117) - our African origin (p. 119) - brain size as an indicator of human capability (p. 120) - Homo sapiens becomes dispersed to other parts of the world (p. 122) - what DNA says of racial and ethnic relationships (p. 124) - the three races and various ethnicities (p. 127) - changes within the human population in historical times (p. 129) - what type of being was created during this period (p. 133)

Chapter 5 - The Beginning of Human Culture and Thought - page 135

Perishable and imperishable thought (p. 135) - stone tools (p. 136) - stone- tipped spears (p. 138) - clothing, shelter, and decorative ornaments (p. 139) - expressive art (p. 141) - paleolithic culture (p. 141) - life in hunter/ gatherer societies (p. 143) - neolithic culture (p. 146) - glimpses of neo- lithic life in western Europe (p. 148) - domesticated animals (p. 151) - the beginning of agriculture (p. 152) - intervention of human thought inthe evolution of plant and animal species (p. 155) - intimations of religion (p. 156) - oral culture (p. 159) - the words of languages (p. 160) - the human body molding speech (p. 162) - languages of the world (p. 164 ) - human activities moving toward thought (p. 172 ) - how thought was advanced during this period (p. 172)

Chapter 6 - The First Epoch of Civilization: Development of Imperial Government - page 173

When and where the first civilized societies appeared (p. 173) - emergence of a new type of community (p. 176) - ideographic writing (p. 178) - monarchies (p. 180 ) - the first empires : Egypt and Sumer (p. 181 ) – Mideastern empires of the 2nd millennium B.C. (p. 184 ) - nomadic invasions (p. 184) - military struggles in the middle east (p. 186) - Rome’s emergence as a world power (p. 189 ) - Hunnish eruptions (p. 195 ) - continuation of the Roman empire in the east (p. 195 ) - the Parthian , Kushan , and Sasanian empires (p. 198) - India (p. 202) - China (p. 205) - southeast and east Asia (p. 212) - pre-Columbian America (p. 216) - how thought was advanced during this period (p. 218)

Chapter 7 - The Second Epoch of Civilization: Development of World Religion - page 219

Three stages in religion (p. 219) - a shift in the type of worship (p. 221)
- the introduction of alphabetic writing (p. 222) - philosophers and prophets of the Axial Age (p. 227) - the monotheism of Ikhnaton and Moses (p. 232 ) - Jews under foreign rule (p. 233 ) - early Christianity (p. 235) - theological controversies (p. 238) - development of the western church (p. 240 ) - the power of the Roman church (p. 242 ) - orthodox Christianity (p. 245) - the later Persian religions (p. 248) - the religion of Islam (p. 250) - Islamic empires (p. 255) - the Hindu and Buddhist religions (p. 259 ) - the spread of Indian religion to lands outside India (p. 263 ) - religion in southeast and east Asia (p. 265 ) - an other -worldly tendency (p. 267 ) - how thought was advanced during this period (p. 268)

Chapter 8 - The Third Epoch of Civilization: Development of Commerce and Education - page 269

Thawing religious belief (p. 269) - the seeing revolution (p. 270) - the introduction of printing (p. 273) - the beginning of commercial organization in Europe (p. 275) - Luther’s protest (p. 279) - the nexus between wealth and the arts (p. 281) - commercial rivalry between the north Atlantic nations (p. 282) - colonial trade (p. 289) - the rise of machines (p. 292) - trade competition in an industrial age (p. 294) - industrial America (p. 296) - the labor movement (p. 299) - universal education (p. 301 ) - literary and artistic style (p. 305 ) - a new mode of selling (p. 307) - newspapers as vehicles for selling (p. 308) - yielding to the machine (p. 310 ) - the unraveling of western colonialism (p. 313 ) - materialism and disintegration (p. 314) - how thought was advanced during this period (p. 316)

Chapter 9 - The Fourth Epoch of Civilization: Development of News and Entertainment - page 317

A weight lifted from our shoulders (p. 317) - entertainment up until the 20th century (p. 318) - amateur and professional sports (p. 321) - productions on the Broadway stage (p. 326) - racially styled music (p. 328) - communication technology transforms entertainment (p. 330) - how the technology of sound recording was developed (p. 330) - recorded music (p. 332) - how the technology of motion pictures was developed (p. 334) - a short history of motion pictures (p. 335) - how the technology of radio broadcasting was developed (p. 341) - a short history of radio broadcasting (p. 342) - how the technology of television broadcasting was developed (p. 345 ) - a short history of the television industry (p. 347) - sports broadcasts (p. 352) - gambling (p. 353) - narrowcasting (p. 356) - computer -generated entertainment (p. 357) - entertainment goes international (p. 358) - how thought was advanced during this period (p. 360)

Chapter 10 - The Fifth Epoch of Civilization: Development of Computers - page 361

The early days (p. 361) - mainframe computers (p. 363) - Moore’s Law (p. 368) - Silicon Valley (p. 368) - microcomputers (p. 370) - Microsoft and the software business (p. 373) - the move to computer networks(p. 374) - CompuServe and The Source (p. 375) - other computer networks (p. 376) - genesis of America OnLine (AOL) (p. 378) - moving to a new model of service (p. 381) - the Internet (p. 381) - web browsers and search engines (p. 385) - turn-of-the-millennium excitement (p. 386) - Google and Yahoo ! (p.386) - other heavily-trafficked sites (p. 388) - wireless devices (p. 391) - knowledge production (p. 394) - Watson and colleagues (p. 397) - history ’s wrecking ball (p. 399) - how thought was advanced during this period (p. 400)

Chapter 11 - Intelligent Machine Life - page 401

Imagining an artificial human being (p. 401) - the first moves toward artificial intelligence (p. 402 ) - how Artificial Intelligence study began (p. 403 ) - putting this knowledge to work (p. 405 ) - Ray Kurzweil : prophet of Artificial Intelligence (p. 407 ) - three approaches to human cognition (p. 409) - reverse engineering the brain (p. 411) - robots (p. 416) - nano-sized robots (p. 420 ) - Will robots survive humanity? (p. 425) - no assurance that humanity will make the right decisions (p. 428) - robots to the rescue (p. 430) - how thought was advanced during this period (p. 432)

Appendix summary - p. 433

I a list of things and how to analyze them - p. 434-37

II on Big History and the Five Epochs of Civilization - p. 438-41

III an alternative scheme of thresholds - p. 442-45

IV the New Trinity - p. 446-50

V About cycles involving the Earth, Moon and Sun. - p. 451

Additional graphics and tables - p. 452-56

Bibliography - p. 457-62

Index - p. 463-536

 

back to: list of articles  

 

Click for a translation into:

French - Spanish - German - Portuguese - Italian       

Chinese - Indonesian - Turkish - Polish - Dutch - Russian 

Hindi - Arabic - Bengali - Japanese - Punjabi - Swahili

Marathi - Malay - Korean - Vietnamese - Tamil


COPYRIGHT 2019 THISTLEROSE PUBLICATIONS - ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

http://www.BillMcGaughey.com/chaptersubheadings.html